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Mechanical Engineers research, design and evaluate machines, devices, equipment, systems and processes, and plan and oversee their development, installation, operation and maintenance. Our program is committed to educate the best Mechanical Engineers in Puerto Rico through an effective integration of classroom theory and highly practical applications. Our curriculum provides the opportunity to complete the B.S. in Mechanical Engineering degree in 4 years.
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Mechanical engineers use the fundamental principles of energy, material sciences, and mechanics in the design and production of mechanical devices and systems. Mechanical engineers are heavily involved in the generation, conversion and transmission of energy and motion. The program is suited for students with a keen interest in applied physical sciences and mathematics. It is designed to prepare our graduates to face with success the new challenges of the industry and to benefit our society.
The curriculum leading to the Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering (B.S.M.E.) covers the fundamental aspects of the field, stresses basic principles and educates students to solve engineering problems. The curriculum integrates advanced computer skills, laboratory work and design projects in a teamwork setting throughout the program. The freshman and sophomore years emphasize courses in mathematics, sciences, humanities, computer programming, computer-aided drafting and design, conventional manufacturing, engineering mechanics, material sciences, solid mechanics and fluid mechanics. The junior and senior years are dedicated to the study of thermodynamics, heat transfer, intermediate fluid mechanics, system dynamics and controls, mechatronics, thermal and mechanical design, computer-aided engineering, computer aided-manufacturing. The program concludes with comprehensive capstone design courses in which the students apply the knowledge and concepts from previous courses in solving relevant problems from the industry.
Mechanical engineering students may decide to follow a traditional mechanical engineering path or to pursue a concentration in aerospace engineering. Students following the traditional path may take elective courses in areas such as air conditioning systems, power plant engineering, internal combustion engines, turbomachinery, manufacturing, robotics, vibrations, dynamics of machinery, biomedical engineering, plastics engineering or any of the courses that are part of the concentration in aerospace engineering. The traditional course sequence also includes a course in entrepreneurship to enhance the business skills and self-employment opportunities of our graduates. Students enrolled in the B.S.M.E. with a concentration in Aerospace Engineering will take courses in aerospace-related areas such as aerodynamics, flight dynamics, propulsion systems, aerospace structures, and aircraft design.
Mechanical engineers have many professional options due to the breadth of their preparation. Mechanical engineers can work in design, research and development, manufacturing, service and maintenance, as well as technical sales. Mechanical engineers can pursue their careers with local, state, and federal agencies, as well as with private enterprises, or even organize their own businesses. Graduates from this program have found successful careers in a variety of industries such as aerospace, pharmaceuticals, electric utilities, electronics, medical devices, air conditioning, food industry, mechanical services among others. Mechanical engineering graduates may also elect to pursue advanced degrees in engineering, or continue their education in other fields, such a law or business.
The Mechanical Engineering program offers undergraduate instruction leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering (B.S.M.E.). This program requires 147 credit-hours.
Students pursuing the B.S.M.E. degree with a concentration in Aerospace Engineering take three additional credit-hours for a total of 150 credit-hours.
The Mechanical Engineering program at Polytechnic University of Puerto Rico is designed to develop graduates from different backgrounds who can deal with situations that involve technological and humanistic/societal issues and to cultivate their potential for leadership.
The program emphasizes on developing the ability and competency of our students in utilizing scientific and engineering methods for devising useful products to satisfy the community in an economical way, while considering the impacts on society.
Within a few years of graduation, the PUPR Mechanical Engineering Program graduates are expected to attain the following:
1. Develop a successful professional career in mechanical engineering, science or related fields, demonstrating high competence, and social and ethical responsibility.
2. Obtain a leadership position in the industry, academy or community, promoting communication, teamwork, and the inclusion of underrepresented groups.
3. Contribute to the advancement of science and engineering through innovation, creativity, and critical thinking.
4. Continue their professional development through independent learning or by pursuing graduate studies.
Every graduating mechanical engineer from our program shall be able to demonstrate:
1. an ability to identify, formulate, and solve complex engineering problems by applying principles of engineering, science, and mathematics
2. an ability to apply engineering design to produce solutions that meet specified needs with consideration of public health, safety, and welfare, as well as global, cultural, social, environmental, and economic factors
3. an ability to communicate effectively with a range of audiences
4. an ability to recognize ethical and professional responsibilities in engineering situations and make informed judgments, which must consider the impact of engineering solutions in global, economic, environmental, and societal contexts
5. an ability to function effectively on a team whose members together provide leadership, create a collaborative and inclusive environment, establish goals, plan tasks, and meet objectives
6. an ability to develop and conduct appropriate experimentation, analyze and interpret data, and use engineering judgment to draw conclusions
7. an ability to acquire and apply new knowledge as needed, using appropriate learning strategies.
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To obtain the B.S.M.E. degree, the student must complete the following minimum requirements:
15 Credit-hours in Mathematics
14 Credit-hours in Basic Science
21 Credit-hours in Socio-humanistic Studies and Languages
19 Credit-hours in Engineering Science
66 Credit-hours in Mechanical Engineering
9 Credit-hours in Mechanical Engineering Electives
3 Credit-hours in Entrepreneurship
To obtain the B.S.M.E. with a concentration in Aerospace Engineering, the student must complete the following minimum requirements:
15 Credit-hours in Mathematics
14 Credit-hours in Basic Science
21 Credit-hours in Socio-humanistic Studies and Languages
19 Credit-hours in Engineering Science
62 Credit-hours in Mechanical Engineering
19 Credit-hours in Aerospace Engineering Concentration
This course covers the study of kinematics and kinetics of particles and rigid bodies in the idealization of mechanical systems. The course emphasizes the application of Newton’s laws, work and energy, and impulse and momentum methods in the dynamic analysis of such systems.
This course covers the study and application of the fundamental principles of fluid mechanics. The course focuses in the static, kinematic and dynamic analysis of fluids in engineering systems. Application of momentum, energy and continuity principles to the analysis of incompressible flow applications. The course concludes with the analysis of viscous flows in pipes and open channels applications.
Laboratory experiences to illustrate the fluid mechanics concepts learned in ENGI 2420. Analysis of results and statistical evaluation data from experiments in gravimetric flow, hydrostatic thrust, stability of floating bodies, flow through orifices, discharge over weirs, impact of a jet and friction on pipes and accessories. The laboratory emphasizes team work and communication skills through the submission of oral and written reports.
This course presents an introduction to the principles of graphics communication in mechanical engineering. The course covers key engineering visualization techniques such as sketching, solid modeling, assemblies, dimensioning, tolerance definition and drafting using standard practices and state-of-the-art computer applications. The course emphasizes orthographic projections and multi-view drawings for engineering design and fabrication. At the end of the course, the students will work on a team-based design of a prototype device to be fabricated in ME 1211.
This course presents an introduction to the practices and techniques in conventional processes for the manufacturing of engineering components. The course focuses on techniques for the use of band saws, milling machines, lathes and welding machines. The end of the course integrates the fabrication (under the guidance of the instructor) of the prototype device already designed in ME 1210.
This course will introduce the students to the development of algorithms and computer programs using MATLAB. The course will cover basic program construction techniques such as top-down designs, flowcharting, pseudocoding, editing and debugging. Students will apply the learned techniques to the solution of engineering problems.
This course will introduce the students to the application of numerical methods and techniques to the solution of engineering and mathematical problems. The course addresses relevant topics in numerical analysis such as: root finding techniques, solution of linear algebraic equations, determination of eigenvalues and eigenvectors, curve fitting, as well as the application of numerical techniques for the differentiation, integration and solution of ordinary differential equations. The course emphasizes the use of MATLAB programming.
This course introduces mechanical engineering students to the structures and properties of engineering materials such as metals, ceramics, glasses, polymers and composites. The course covers important topics such as atomic bonding, crystalline and non-crystalline structures, mechanical behavior, phase transformations and thermal processing techniques. The course emphasizes the selection and application of engineering materials to the design of engineering applications.
Laboratory experiences to support the concepts learned in ME 2210. Characterization and statistical analysis of mechanical properties of metals using tension, hardness, micro-hardness, metallography, phase transformation and heat treatment techniques. The laboratory emphasizes team work and communication skills through the submission of oral and written reports.
This course introduces students to the application of fundamental concepts of kinematics and kinetics to the analysis and design of mechanisms in mechanical systems. The course focuses to the design of linkages, cams and gears using analytical, graphical and computer-aided techniques.
This course introduces mechanical engineering students to the concepts of stress, strain and deformation of structural components in mechanical systems. The course covers the analysis of structural members under axial, torsion and bending loading conditions.
This course introduces mechanical engineering students to the fundamental concepts of thermodynamics. The course focuses on thermodynamic properties, energy and mass conservation, entropy and second law analysis as well as the study of ideal gas mixtures and psychrometrics.
Laboratory practices to introduce students to experimental techniques in mechanical engineering applications. The laboratory has an emphasis in the statistical analysis of experimental results. The practices cover the selection and calibration of instrumentation, data acquisition techniques, and measurement error analysis. The laboratory emphasizes team work and communication skills through the submission of oral and written reports.
This course covers the modeling, analysis and control of dynamic systems. An emphasis is placed in the mathematical modeling to determine the transient and steady-state response of mechanical, electrical, thermal and fluid systems. The course also covers the analysis and design of linear feedback control systems in the time and frequency domains.
This course introduces mechanical engineering students to the automation and digital control of industrial applications using electrical, electronic, hydraulic, and pneumatic control devices and systems. Topics in this course include design of control circuits and analysis of the response of several mechanical systems to external conditions.
This course continues the study of the fundamental concepts and applications of thermodynamics. The course focuses on the application of thermodynamic principles to the analysis and design of vapor-powered, gas-powered, refrigeration and heat pump systems, refrigeration systems. The course concludes with key concepts in reacting mixtures and combustion principles.
This course is a continuation of ENGI 2420 to address specific applications for mechanical engineers. The course presents a comprehensive view to the differential analysis of fluid flow, the study of flow over immersed bodies and the boundary layer theory and the analysis of compressible fluid flow. The course concludes with the treatment of fluid mechanics to turbomachinery applications.
This course presents an introduction of fundamental concepts of heat transfer. The course focuses on unidirectional and multidirectional steady-state conduction, transient conduction and radiation heat transfer.
This course is a continuation of ME 3150 to cover basic concepts in heat convection transfer. This course provides an emphasis on external forced convection, internal forced convection, natural convection, and convection with change of phase. The course concludes with the analysis and design of heat exchangers and an introduction to the principles of mass transfer.
This course continues the development of stress-strain analysis techniques for structural members in mechanical systems. The course emphasizes the application of stress and strain transformation techniques to structural members under combined loadings and thin-walled pressure vessels. The course also introduces students to theories of failure for static load conditions and the design of machinery components. The course concludes with the analysis of indeterminate beams, the buckling stability of columns and an introduction of energy methods.
This course covers the design of mechanical components subjected to static and fatigue loads. The students are exposed to the design of machines using non-permanent joints (e.g., fasteners, screws, etc.), permanent joints (e.g., welding, brazing, bonding, etc.), mechanical springs, rolling and journal bearing design.
This course continues the development of machine design techniques from ME 3240. Design of key mechanical components such as gears, shafts, couplings, brakes, clutches and flexible mechanical elements (e.g., belts, chains, etc.) subjected to static and fatigue loads.
This course presents mechanical engineering students a survey of manufacturing processes including: casting, forming, machining, welding, brazing, adhesive bonding, mechanical fastening, as well as forming and shaping plastics and composite materials. The course also covers important topics in quality assurance, testing and inspection of manufactured products.
Laboratory experiences in automation using electrical, electronic, hydraulic, and pneumatic control systems. The laboratory practices include the selection and implementation of sensors and actuators (i.e., mechanical, pneumatics and hydraulics), along to electronic data acquisition systems and Programmable Logic Controllers. The laboratory emphasizes team work and communication skills through the submission of oral and written reports. situations.
This course provides senior-level students an integrated approach to analyze, simulate, and design energy systems such as heat exchangers and pumps. The course also incorporates system economics and design optimization techniques in the design of such systems.
Laboratory experiences to illustrate senior-level students the practical aspects of fluid and thermal systems such as heat exchangers, steam generators, cooling towers, refrigeration and air conditioning systems, wind tunnel, compressible fluid flow, and turbomachinery. The laboratory emphasizes team work and communication skills through the submission of oral and written reports.
This course presents senior-level students an opportunity to integrate computer-aided design (CAD), computer-aided engineering (CAE) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) applications in the design and development of engineering products. The course emphasizes the modeling and simulation of mechanical systems to predict the mechanical behavior and optimize the design as well as the use of modern manufacturing equipment such as rapid prototyping, numerical controlled programming, foam cutters ad 3D scanners in the fabrication of a prototype.
Comprehensive course to emphasize the key knowledge and concepts through the Mechanical Engineering program. Teams work in open-ended, multi-disciplinary design projects focused on solving industrially relevant problems. The course implements a systems engineering approach and emphasizes on the generation and selection of ideas as well as the application of analysis and design tools developed in previous courses. The course ME 4992 covers the development of the project from problem definition to its final design. The course stresses on team work, project management and communication skills through several technical presentations through the progress of the project.
This course is an extension of ME 4992. The course ME 4994 covers the development of the project from its final design to the construction and validation of a prototype. The course stresses on team work, project management and communication skills through several technical presentations through the progress of the project and the submission of a final comprehensive report.
Introduction to the basic concepts of aerodynamics and how they are applied to the flight of aircraft: lift, drag, propulsion, performance, stability and design. Developing problem solving skills in a design team setting will be used to work with the concepts discussed.
Introduction to the terminology, definitions, and concepts that are required to select, manipulate, evaluate and use materials in biomedical applications. This course covers structure-property relationships, biocompatibility criteria, and physiological/clinical performance.
This course covers the fundamentals of plastic materials, historic review, classification, definitions and terminology. Furthermore, the course covers chemical, physical and mechanical properties, processing techniques and recycling of plastic materials.
This course is centered in the processing of plastics materials. Preliminary concepts such as: crystallization, glassy state, visco-elasticity, polymeric and composites compounds are covered. The course also covers processing techniques like casting, compression molding, injection, calendering, extrusion, thermoforming, bending, machining, welding, gluing, and surface coating are compared establishing their applications.
This course introduces the aerodynamics of bodies and the principles of airfoil design. The course covers concepts in incompressible airfoil theory and incompressible wing theory as well as topics in gas dynamics including expansion waves, and supersonic airfoil theory.
This course is designed to give aerospace engineering undergraduate students the fundamental concepts of modeling of the aircraft dynamic and aerodynamic behavior as well as concepts of static, dynamic stability and simulation of the aircraft dynamics. Also the concept of handling qualities will be introduced. The students will also be introduced to MATLAB software package for the analysis of dynamic systems.
An introduction to the Performance and Design of Aircraft. Airplane aerodynamics, Propulsion Characteristics, Steady and Accelerated Flights, Propeller Driven and Jet-Propelled Airplanes.
This course covers aircraft gas turbine engine and rocket propulsion from its basic principles to more advanced treatments in engine components. The course includes the transition duct aerodynamics, inlet distortion (both steady-state and dynamic), and compressor stall/surge characteristics; the inclusion of propulsion system integration shows propulsion as one element of a larger system (namely, aircraft) and the necessity of trade-off in overall system design; the principles behind the design of combustors and afterburners are covered in the discussion on combustion chemistry, combustor and afterburner design; material, manufacturing and cooling requirements; fundamentals of chemical rocket propulsion principles; different turbine cooling schemes and principles with a follow-up multi-stage cooled turbine design; and focus on design approaches to alleviate harmful emissions, both current and the direction for the future as well as regulatory requirements on engine pollutions.
Introduction to the study of blood flow in the cardiovascular system and gas flow in the pulmonary system. Emphasis on modeling and the potential of flow studies for clinical research application.
The mechanics of living tissue, e.g., arteries, skin, heart muscle, ligament, tendon, cartilage and bone. Constitutive equations and some simple mechanical models. Mechanics of cells and applications.
Experimental analysis of airfoils, fans, turbines, flight dynamics simulations, aerospace structures, vibrations, and instrumentation systems are performed. Comparison of experimental and theoretical results. The laboratory emphasizes team work and communication skills through the submission of oral and written reports.
Application of the principles of thermodynamics to the analysis and design of air conditioning systems. Principles for the control of moist air properties to meet comfort and industrial requirements. Heat transmission in building structures. Calculation of heating and cooling loads. Component performance, distribution, selection, and controls.
The principles of thermodynamics, compressible fluid flow, and combustion processes as applied to the study of spark ignition and compression-ignition engines. Operating power cycles, engine performance, heat losses, efficiencies, and air pollution are included.
This course presents a study of the thermal and economic aspects of power plants. The course covers fuel and combustion processes as well as power cycles (e.g., Rankine cycles and Brayton cycles) in power plants. The course focuses in the design and operation of power plant components such as boilers, condensers, cooling towers, feed-water heaters. The course also introduces the students to non-conventional power plants using renewable energy sources.
Dimensional analysis, energy transfer in rotating passages. Flow through passages and over blades and vanes. Centrifugal pumps, fans, and compressors. Axial flow pumps, fans, and compressors. Steam and gas turbines. Hydraulic turbines. Wind turbines.
This course introduces the students to the analysis and design of aerospace structural components. The course covers the development of design criteria, the determination of structural loads, and the selection of materials in aerospace applications. The course emphasizes the analysis and design of thin-walled structures as key structural elements in aerospace applications.
This course presents an introduction to free and forced vibration of single degree and multiple degree of freedom systems. The course covers modeling and analysis techniques for mechanical systems to determine natural frequencies, mode shapes and forced response under harmonic and transient loads. The course also introduces to the practical design aspects of vibration control devices.
This course presents an introduction to the analysis and design of rotating machinery. The course combines the theory and application of dynamics, vibrations, fluid mechanics, and tribology to the design of such systems.
Introduction to the fundamental aspects of the finite element method (FEM) and its applications. Review of matrix algebra and an introduction to FEM formulations. Analysis of truss, beam and frame structures. One- and two-dimensional elements.
Design for Manufacturing and Assembly (DFM/A) is an approach to product design that systematically includes consideration of manufacturability and assembly in the design. DFM/A includes organizational changes, design principles, and guidelines. The scope of DFM/A is expanded also to other areas as marketability, testability, serviceability, maintainability.
Introduction to robotic manipulators. Layout design of robot arms. Kinematics and Dynamics Analyzes. Analytical methods and algorithms for computer implementation. Motion description of manipulators in terms of trajectories in space. Control of robotic manipulators using digital computers. Robot programming.
A course organized in collaboration with the industry or government agencies to provide the student with practical experience in mechanical engineering. The project must be pre-approved by the Director of the Mechanical Engineering Department. The project execution is jointly supervised by a designated faculty member from the Mechanical Engineering Department and a qualified representative from the cooperating organization. A minimum of 200 hours of field experience is required.
Individual research project under the supervision of a faculty member.
Arranged by individual faculty with special expertise, these courses survey fundamentals in areas that are not covered by the regular mechanical engineering course offerings. Specific course descriptions are disseminated by the Mechanical Engineering Office well in advance of the offering.
This presents an introduction to fundamental concepts in thermodynamics and heat transfer for non-mechanical engineering students. The course discusses thermodynamic properties, principles of conservation of mass and energy, entropy and second law of thermodynamics as well as vapor and gas power cycles. The course concludes with an introduction to heat transfer concepts in steady conduction and unsteady heat conduction as well as natural and forced convection heat transfer.
An introduction to thermodynamics and fluid mechanics. Study the concepts of energy and the laws governing the transfers and transformations of energy. Emphasis on thermodynamic properties and the first and second law analysis of systems and control volumes. Integration of these concepts into the analysis of basic power cycles is introduced. Study of the fundamentals of fluid mechanics. Application of momentum, energy and continuity principles to the analysis of incompressible flow applications. The course concludes with the analysis of viscous flows in pipes.