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Land Surveying and Mapping

Land Surveying is the science of determining the position of points on the surface of the Earth through the application of mathematics and the use of specialized instruments. The term “Earth surface” refers to everything on Earth that can be explored: the bottom of the seas, bays, lakes and rivers; the interior of caves and mines; mountains and deserts; and even the frozen and desolated polar regions. Surveying includes the measurement of angles and distances, the establishment of horizontal and vertical control points, plan confection, cadastral measurements, highway tracing and building locations, submarine topography and oceanic depths, plus the location of legal boundaries.

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Program Description

Land Surveying is the science of determining the position of points on the surface of the Earth through the application of mathematics and the use of specialized instruments. The term “ Earth surface” refers to everything on Earth that can be explored: the bottom of the seas, bays, lakes and rivers; the interior of caves and mines; mountains and deserts; and even the frozen and desolated polar regions. Surveying includes the measurement of angles and distances, the establishment of horizontal and vertical control points, plan confection, cadastral measurements, highway tracing and building locations, submarine topography and oceanic depths, plus the location of legal boundaries.

Degree Offered

The Geomatic Science Department offers undergraduate courses leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Land Surveying and Mapping (B.S.L.S.).

Mission

Provide the theoretical and technical knowledge through an educational experience that enriches the lives of program students so that they are prepared to enhance the surveying profession and protect the health and welfare of the public while expanding the base of knowledge through research and scholarship.

Objectives

1. Contribute to society with professionals that execute their work following the principles of moral conduct and ethics.

2. Generate graduates with the necessary knowledge and techniques to pursue education at a graduate level.

3. Generate graduates that can be employed and successfully work in a broad range of sub disciplines within the field.

4. Demonstrate an understanding of the need for lifelong learning via successful completion of continuous education.

Outcomes

- An ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and Applied Sciences.

- An ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret data.

- An ability to design a system, component, or process to meet the desired needs.

- An ability to function on multi-disciplinary teams.

- An ability to identify, formulate, and solve applied sciences problems.

- An understanding of professional and ethical responsibility.

- An ability to communicate effectively.

- The broad education necessary to understand the impact of Surveying solutions in a global and social context.

- Recognition of the need for, and the ability to engage in lifelong learning.

- A knowledge of contemporary issues.

- An ability to use the techniques, skills, and modern tools necessary for professional practice.

Enrollment

ACADEMIC YEAR ENROLLMENT (GPA)
2013-2014 75
2014-2015 72
2015-2016 56
2016-2017 37
2017-2018 24

Graduation Data

ACADEMIC YEAR DEGREES AWARDED
2012-2013 19
2013-2014 13
2014-2015 12
2015-2016 13
2016-2017 15

Curriculum

cur-geomatic

Minimum Graduation Requirements

4 Credit-Hours in Mathematics

10 Credit-Hours in Basic Science

21 Credit-Hours in Socio-Humanistic Studies and Languages

42 Credit-Hours in Surveying

47 Credit-Hours in Geomatic Science

6 Credit-Hours in Real Estates Appraisal

9 Credit-Hours Electives Component

139 Total Credit-Hours

Course Description

SURV 2200 SURVEYING APPLICATIONS

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: MATH 1340.

Review of geometric and trigonometric functions; and distance and angle measuring, bearing and azimuths, coordinates and traverse as applied to the analysis of land surveying problems.

SURV 2202 SURVEYING ANALYSIS

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisites: SURV 2200 or MATH 1360

Analytical geometry review and elements of linear algebra as applied to the analysis of land surveying problems; and introduction to plane surveying calculations

SURV 2300 LEGAL ASPECTS IN SURVEYING I

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture period per week.
Pre requisite: GEOM 2102

Introduction to the Puerto Rico legal system and Civil Law relates to the surveyor professional practice, Contract Law and Ethical principles.

SURV 2302 FUNDAMENTALS OF SURVEYING

Four credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisites: SURV 2202, Concurrent SURV 2303, MATH 1350

The theory and practice of land surveying. Measurement of difference in elevations using leveling network. Measurement of distances using tapes and other methods; also measurement of angles. Application to boundary identification.

SURV 2303 FUNDAMENTALS OF SURVEYING LABORATORY

Zero credit hours. One, four hour laboratory period per week.
Pre requisites: SURV 2202, Concurrent SURV 2302

Laboratory practice of land surveying related to course SURV 2302. The practices will concentrate in the uses of Land Surveying Instruments. Measurement of difference in elevations using differential and trigonometric leveling. Measurement of distances using tapes and other methods; also measurement of angles. Application to Traverse and Polygonal closure.

SURV 2304 LEGAL ASPECT IN SURVEYING II

Two two-hour lecture periods per week.
Pre-requisite: SURV 2300

Aspects of Local and Federal legal system related to the professional Surveyor practice. Ethical principles in the surveying profession. Legal aspects of the federal Retract Systems. Federal surveying practices.

SURV 2802 VISUALIZATION OF SPATIAL INFORMATION

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: GEOM 2800, MATH 1340

Basic knowledge of spatial information management and visualization using computer software (CAD).

SURV 3204 ANALYSIS AND ADJUSTMENT OF SURVEY MEASUREMENT

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisites: SURV 3306 (MIN C), SURV 3307

The concept of measurement, precision and accuracy, random, systematic and blunder errors are introduced in this course. Probability, reliability and statistical testing applied to analysis of survey data. Error propagation and alignment, and some examples of least-squares adjustment method are presented in this course.

SURV 3306 ADVANCED SURVEYING

Four credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisites: SURV 2302, SURV 2303, Concurrent SURV 3307

Use of conventional signs to make sketches and field notes. Selection and use of equipment for topographic survey. Carrying out the topographic survey in the field. Computation of the results up the survey, plot of the points (manually and computer assisted). Interpolation of contour lines. Area and volume computation.

SURV 3307 ADVANCED SURVEYING LABORATORY

Zero credit hours. One, four hour laboratory period per week
Pre requisites: SURV 2302, SURV 2303, Concurrent SURV 3306

Laboratory and field practice related to Advanced Surveying course topics.

SURV 3308 SURVEYING PRACTICE

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: SURV 3402, SURV 3403, SURV 4510

Discussion and development of land surveying project. The course will require field work, boundary and topography survey, design of evidence gathering, resurvey, retracement and analysis techniques for complex Land Survey System, riparian, mineral, land grant and fraudulent surveys; case studies.

SURV 3402 ROUTE SURVEYING

Four credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: SURV 3306, SURV 3307 Concurrent SURV 3403

Geometric properties and design elements of horizontal and vertical alignment needed for the design and layout of routes.

SURV 3403 ROUTE SURVEYING LABORATORY

Zero credit hours. One, four hour laboratory period per week.
Pre requisite: SURV 3306, SURV 3307; Concurrent SURV 3402

Laboratory practice of the main concepts related to course SURV 3402: Route Survey. The practices will concentrate in the application of geometric properties and design elements of horizontal and vertical alignment needed for the design and layout of routes.

SURV 3804 COMPUTER APPLICATION FOR LAND SURVEYORS

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: SURV 2302, SURV 2303, SURV 2802

Computer applications used for the land surveying professional practice. Computer drafting.

SURV 4310 MANAGEMENT OF SURVEYING PROJECTS

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: SURV 3306, SURV 3307

Study of the dynamics of management and the tools necessary to maintain an effective Land Surveying business practice; with focus on job costing, economic analysis and surveyor’s ethics.

SURV 4404 CONSTRUCTION SURVEYING

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week and field laboratory.
Pre requisite: SURV 3402, SURV 3204

Principles of construction surveying as used in various types of construction projects.

SURV 2095 PRINCIPLES OF SURVEYING FOR ENGINEERS LAB ENGINEERS

One credit hour. Three hours per week and field laboratory.
Pre requisite: ENGI 1140, ENGI 2210

Through conferences and field practices, the student will learn the basic surveying concepts applicable for the design and construction of route.

GEOM 2102 INTRODUCTION TO GEOMATICS

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: NONE

Geomatics comprises the science, technology, and art involved in the measurement, representation, analysis, management, retrieval and display of spatial data concerning both the Earth’s physical features and the built environment. It includes cadastral surveying, mapping sciences, land management, geographic information systems, geodesy, photogrammetry, remote sensing, hydrographic surveying and surveying ocean mapping. It has applications in all disciplines which depend on spatial data, including environmental studies, planning, engineering, navigation, geology and geophysics, oceanography, land development, land ownership, land administration and land use management. It is thus fundamental to all the geosciences disciplines which use spatially related data. This course offers the student an introduction to the fundamentals of these topics, a review of historic events and future of the profession.

GEOM 2800 INFORMATION SYSTEMS FOR LAND SURVEYORS

Three credit hours. Two two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisites: NONE

In this course the students will develop skills in the use of computers, component, operative systems, printers, plotters, scanners, graphics, digital images, software, presentation and written data used in the presentation. They will also be introduced to information systems concepts and the appropriate techniques for effective administration and the use of them.

GEOM 3102 GEOMORPHOLOGY

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite:SURV 2302, SURV 2303

The systematic description, analysis and understanding of landscapes and the process that change them. In order to understand this earth science is necessary to develop the study of three fundamental subjects. These are in order of development, denudation chronology and evolutionary studies, accurate description of the mechanism rate of operation of the geomorphic process and the adoption of a system-base attitude toward geo-morphological investigation in the area of specialization, which in this case is land surveying.

GEOM 3104 APPLIED HYDROGRAPHY FOR SURVEYORS

SURVEYORS Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week and field laboratory.
Pre requisite: GEOM 3102

The knowledge of high and low plays an important role in planning, land use and hazard mitigation. Elements of planning and executing hydrographic survey with emphasis on achievable accuracies, reliability of collected data and display of the results will be outlined in this course.

GEOM 3502 FUNDAMENTALS OF GEODESY

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisites: SURV 2302, SURV 2303

Introduce the concepts of geodesy, geoids, earth gravity field. Relate Geodesy to other geosciences. Introduce the integrated Global Geodetic Observing System (IGGOS) and the concept of geodetic network.

GEOM 3604 CARTOGRAPHIC DESIGN

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: GEOM 2102

Introduction to concepts and theories of cartographic design. Special attention to cartographic modeling and visualization through the use of thematic cartography concepts.

GEOM 3606 DIGITAL CARTOGRAPHY

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: GEOM 3604

Introduction to digital cartography concepts. The course covers techniques, error handling and software used for the creation of vector and raster data.

GEOM 3608 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Three credit- hours. Two, two-hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: GEOM 3606 (Minimum C), SURV 2302, SURV 2303

Discussion of topics related to design, development and application of Geographic Information Systems. Emphasis on problem solving using appropriate modeling tools.

GEOM 3702 ELEMENTS OF PHOTOGRAMMETRY

Four credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week and field laboratory.
Pre requisite: SURV 3306, SURV 3307, Concurrent GEOM 3703

Principles of Photogrammetry using aerial and terrestrial photography. History of photogrammetry, aerial cameras and camera calibration, geometry of the aerial photograph, stereoscopy and stereoscopes, parallax, and the theory and techniques of orientation. Stages of planning, flight design, and the terrestrial controls in Photogrammetry surveys.

GEOM 3703 ELEMENTS OF PHOTOGRAMMETRY LABORATORY

Zero credit hours. One, four hour laboratory period per week.
Pre requisite: SURV 3306, SURV 3307, Concurrent GEOM 3702

Laboratory practice for the GEOM 3702: Elements of Photogrammetry course.

GEOM 4106 DENDROLOGY

Two credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisites:SURV 2302, SURV 2303

Introduction to trees, their identifying characteristic, habitats, distribution, and systematic classification.

GEOM 4108 SENIOR PROJECT I

One credit hour. One, two-hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisites: SURV 3308, GEOM 4610, and Department Head Authorization.

Senior Project research proposal. Thru their respective research, students should be able to apply the skills and knowledge acquired in their previous years of study to a land surveying related research. Individual presentations will be made to the professors during the quarter. At the end of the quarter, final presentations will be made to a panel of professor. Approval of the research proposal should wrap-up this course.

GEOM 4110 SENIOR PROJECT II

Four credit hours. Two, two-hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisites: GEOM 4108, Department Head Authorization.

Implementation of the student’s research proposed in Senior Project I course. Thru the research students should be able to apply the skills and knowledge acquired in their previous years of study. At the end of the quarter, a public defense of the research will be made to a panel of professor. Technical report should wrap-up this course.

GEOM 4112 SENIOR PROJECT II Extension

Zero credit hours.
Pre requisites: Department Head Authorization.

Course that provides the student the opportunity to continue the development of his/her Senior Project II.

GEOM 4312 US PUBLIC LAND SURVEYING PRINCIPLES

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisites: SURV 2304

This class covers the basic principles of land survey systems with an emphasis on the United States Public Land Survey System together with the basic legal principles used by the Land Surveyor in the United States. These general legal principles will be discussed and applied to problems for finding solutions to common boundary conflicts.

GEOM 4314 PROPERTY & INHERITANCE LAW

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisites: SURV 2304

A study of law and jurisprudence covering Civil Law Property system and inheritance law.

GEOM 4504 SURVEYING SPACE TECHNIQUES

Three credit-hours. Two two-hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: GEOM 3502

The very basic principles of satellite geodesy and the concept of satellite positioning techniques will be introduced. Satellite Laser Ranging, altimetry and Very Long Baseline, Interferometry will be discussed briefly.

GEOM 4510 GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM

Three credit- hours. Two, two-hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: GEOM 3502

Fundamentals of coordinate systems used in satellite geodesy, importance of the earth’s gravity field and perturbation forces acting on the satellites will be introduced. Elements of planning and carrying out GPS-survey will be discussed.

GEOM 4610 LAND DEVELOPMENT

Three credit- hours. Two two-hour lecture periods per week and field laboratory.
Pre requisite: GEOM 3608

This course covers a discussion on the principles and regulations governing the use and development of land. Historic review of land use patterns in Puerto Rico. Revision of zoning and subdivision regulations used in Puerto Rico.

GEOM 4506 GEOMETRIC GEODESY

Three credit hours. Two, two-hour lecture periods per week and field laboratory.
Pre requisites: GEOM 3502

Introduction to the concept of ellipsoid as mathematical reference surface for geodetic computations. Reference ellipsoid. Parameters for reference ellipsoids used in north America and Puerto Rico (NAD 1927, NAD 1983, WGS 84, NAVD 88). Horizontal, vertical and 3D control networks. Standards of accuracy for geodetic control networks.

GEOM 4508 PHYSICAL GEODESY

Three credit – hours. Two two-hour lecture periods per week and field laboratory.
Pre requisite: GEOM 4506

Study of the relation between the geoids, mass distribution, earth gravity field and equipotential surface. Deflections of the vertical. Curvature of the plumb lines. Gravimeters. Gravity measurements. Gravity networks. International Gravity Standardization Networks. International Gravity Standardization Network (IGSN71). Review of selected geodetic space techniques relates to investigation of earth’s gravity field.

GEOM 4612 THE MUNICIPAL REFORM LEGAL SYSTEM

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: GEOM 4610

Land Use planning and development process at the municipal level changed with adoption of Law 81 of August of 1991, better known as “Ley de Municipios Autónomos” (Municipal Reform Law). This course emphasize on topics of this law, especially the ones related to land use planning process.

GEOM 4702 INTRODUCTION TO REMOTE SENSING & IMAGE INTERPRETATION

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: GEOM 3702 and GEOM 3703

This course introduces the students to the principles of image interpretation. The interpretation is based on aerial photographs and satellite imagery. At the end of the course students should be able to correctly use remote sensing imagery. Also, they will be able to analyze and understand the basic concepts in the field.

GEOM 5600 GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION SCIENCE FUNDAMENTALS

Four credit hours. One, four hours lecture per week.
Pre requisite: NONE

This course provides an introduction to the principles and concepts necessary to work in a digital cartographic environment, especially in the context of geographic information systems (GIS). The course also introduces the student to the basic concepts of performing spatial analyses using a geographic information system (GIS). The first part of the course gives an overview of basic cartography and mapping concepts and theories, which are fundamental to understanding and using a GIS. The second part of the course focuses on concepts and theories of GIS, including some of it the analysis capabilities. Other technologies such as remote sensing and global navigation satellite systems will be discussed.

GEOM 5614 CADASTRAL & LAND INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: GEOM 3608

Principles of cadastral systems, their history and contemporary development globally and in Puerto Rico. Emphasis on Land Information Systems and multipurpose cadastre.

GEOM 5616 GIS FOR SITE DESIGN

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: NONE

This is an introductory to intermediate-level GIS course that focuses on the application of geographic information systems in the practice of urban and regional planning, with a focus on site design. Topics covered will include data models and structures, coordinate systems and projections, thematic mapping, spatial analysis, acquisition and integration of spatial data from various sources, and GIS application development.

GEOM 5618 GIS FOR BUSINESS APPLICATIONS

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: NONE

This course offers an introduction to the use and analysis of spatial data in a Geographic Information Systems for business applications such as marketing (geomarketing), real estate, land economics and other business applications.

GEOM 5620 GIS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: NONE

Introduction to the use of Geographic Information Systems for environmental management applications.

GEOM 5622 GIS FOR CIVIL INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: NONE

Introduction to the use of Geographic Information Systems for civil infrastructure system design and management.

GEOM 5624 SPECIAL TOPICS IN GEOMATICS

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: Director Approval

Advanced seminar dealing with topics in Geomatic Sciences, to be selected according to staff and student interests. The course will be designed to address professional current events, advanced skills, special knowledge, and/or particular topics of interest.

GEOM 5626 GIS & CARTOGRAPHY FOR REAL ESTATE APPRAISAL

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: NONE

Basics of cartography and Geographic Information Systems oriented toward the Real Estate Appraisal profession.

REA 1900 MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS FOR APPRAISERS

Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: NONE

Mathematics and statistics to serve as basis for the most commonly used appraisal computations.

REA 2902 GENERAL APPRAISAL PRINCIPLES

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisites: ECON 3020

The basic and general principles necessary and supplementary to the appraisal of real estate.

REA 2904 APPRAISAL PROCEDURES

Two credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: REA 2902: Appraisal Principles

The course will introduce the student to the steps related to the valuation process. The course provides an introduction to property description from it geographic and neighborhood point of view. The course also provides an introduction to construction and design basics.

REA 3906 LAND APPRAISAL

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: REA 2902

A course which covers the principles and applications of land appraisal; includes land property in small or large units wherever located.

REA 3908 RESIDENCE APPRAISAL I

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: REA 2902

The course will introduce the student to the fundamentals of residential appraisal.

REA 3910 RESIDENCE APPRAISAL II

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture periods per week.
Pre requisite: REA 3904: Residential Appraisal

The course covers the fundamentals of residential appraisal and cost approach. The course emphasizes in the appropriate skills to produce and reason a residential report.

REA 3912 EMINENT DOMAIN

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture period per week.
Pre requisite: SURV 2304, REA 2902

All legal principles governing the appraisal of real estate for forcible expropriations by various government agencies.

REA 4914 INCOME CAPITALIZATION

Three credit hours. Two, two hour lecture period per week.
Pre requisite: REA 1900

The principles governing the appraisal of real estate which generates rental income, precisely from the aspect of the rentals produced by said property.