The widespread use of information technologies continues to increase. Firms continue to install complex computer networks, set up, maintain, and expand Internet and Intranet sites, and engage in electronic commerce. The United States Bureau of Labor and Statistics projected that from 2002 to 2012 a rapid growth is expected to occur among computer scientists and specialists such as computer software engineers, systems analysts, data base, network and computer systems administrators and other related positions.
The most recent information generated by the Occupational Outlook Handbook 2004-2005 Edition (Monthly Review February 2004) and other statistics from the BLS forecast that in the occupational classification group known as computer scientists and mathematicians a continued growth is expected at a fast pace between the years 2002 and 2012. Rapid employment growth in the computer, data processing, consulting, services, and manufacturing industries should result in favorable opportunities for those who qualify for computer science jobs and have professional degrees. Demand for graduate students is especially high in the area of research and development as well as in the academic settings. Self-employment is an attractive option, as company outsourcing and downsizing strategies continue to pave the way for companies that provide IT system development, support and maintenance, and new innovations that are narrowly related to computer science breakthroughs and problem solving.
Employment Projections for Computer Science Related Jobs in the Industries
In the manufacturing industry, the durable goods manufacturing industry is expected to grow 3.3 percent over the 2000-2012 period. This is triggered by the growing demand for computers, electronic equipment, motor vehicles, and communications equipment. Drug manufacturing is also expected to increase to 23.2 percent from 2002 to 2012, adding 68,000 jobs.
All these sectors require computer scientists to assist in research and development projects that enable industries to be more productive and innovative. Technological breakthroughs are determinant on the social and economic impact of the industries.
The shift from goods producing industries to service producing industries continues to increase at a steady rate, becoming the largest and fastest growing industry group. The service providing industries promise to add 20.8 million of the 21.6 new wage and salary jobs expected to be generated from 2002 to 2012.
Education and health services are expected to grow faster and add more jobs than any other industry super sector. A growth of 31.8 percent is expected.
Private educational services will account for 759,000 new jobs, growing by 28.7 percent by 2012. Professional and Business Services will grow by 30.4 percent, adding almost 5 million new jobs. This super sector includes some of the fastest growing industries in the U.S. economy.
Professional, scientific and technical services sector will grow 27.8 percent, adding an additional 1.9 million new jobs. Computer system design and related services are projected to increase 54.6 percent, adding more than one third of the new jobs to the mentioned sector. This growth is produced by the business demand for information technology, maintenance and network security. Management, scientific and technical consulting services will grow 55.4 percent. This is due to the growing complexity of businesses caused by the increasing use of new technologies and software.
The information super sector is also expected to increase, growing 18.5 percent. This represents 632,000 new jobs by 2012. Some of the fastest growing computer related industries are included in this sector such as: Software Publishers (67.9 percent); Internet publishing and broadcasting (41.1 percent); ISP’s, Web search portals, and data processing services (48.2 percent).
Related Occupations in the Industries
Professional and Related Occupations
Of the ten mayor occupational groups defined by the BLS, those in the Professional and Related Occupations group are anticipated to be the fastest growing, increasing 23.3 percent over the 2002- 2012 period. This occupational group represents a gain of 6.46 million jobs up to this period.
Computer and mathematical occupations will be the fastest growing sub-group of all, supplying 1.05 million new jobs at a growth rate of 34.8 percent up to 2012. This sub-group is also expected to grow for the self-employed sector. Self employed computer and mathematical workers are estimated to increase at a rate growth of 39.8 percent. A 6.1 percent increase is also projected for all professional and related occupations in this sector.
Computer System Design and Related Services
Since the computer systems design and related services industry is expected to grow at a very fast rate, and due to the increasing complexity of technology available, opportunities will be very favorable for most workers in this sector. Wage and salary employment is expected to grow 55 percent by the year 2012, while the entire economy is projected to grow only 16 percent.
Demand for computer related occupations should increase as a result of advances in computer technology, computer applications, networks and Internet technologies.
Inside the information sector software publishing is expected to be the fastest growing industry in the U.S. economy over the next decade. Wage and salary employment is expected to increase by 68 percent between 2002 and 2012. Organizations are expected to continue making investments in software.
Employment for software publishers is expected to increase 68 percent between 2002 and 2012. This ranks software publishers as the fastest growing industry in the economy. Computer specialists will account for half of all workers in this industry.
Most of the workers in this industry are professional and related workers, such as computer software engineers and computer programmers. This occupational group accounts for nearly 60 percent of the jobs in this industry. Marketing and sales workers also are employed in this industry. These present the features of software developments and other content related to information technology to clients and customers.
Computer and Data Processing Services
One of the fastest growing industries in the economy is the employment in the computer and data processing services, which is expected to grow up to 86 percent by 2010. These services provide specialized and OTS (Off The Shelf) software applications, data structure and computer design, and management and consulting services. Considering the rate at which the service industry is expected to grow, and the increasing complexity of technology available, best opportunities will be for professionals in related occupations, reflecting their rapid growth and the continuing demand for higher-level skills to keep up with changes in technology.
Management, Business and Financial Workers
Another significant occupational group is the management, business and financial workers. These are expected to increase by 2.4 million jobs from 2002 to 2012. This accounts for a growth of 15.4 percent. One fifth of these jobs will be in the professional, scientific, and technical services. These include management, scientific and technical consulting services and others. Computer and information system managers are projected to have a growth of 36.1 percent, representing 103,000 new jobs.